Cyber security protects internet-connected systems for hardware and software data from a variety of threats. These can include viruses, worms, spyware, malware and unauthorized access attempts. It is an essential industry, one whose growth has been driven by the growing dependence on technology by individuals and companies of all sizes.
Some of the most innovative players in cybersecurity are small, privately owned firms. Others are large multinational corporations with entire departments devoted to protecting data and identifying potential attacks. These employees may be assigned to a number of tasks including monitoring servers, cloud services and employee computers and devices. They also may be asked to train employees on best practices and company policies to reduce the likelihood of negligence that can lead to a costly security breach.
The field of cybersecurity is diverse, with an ever-expanding range of tools, techniques and strategies used to combat it. Some of these are relatively benign such as pings or port scans that can be used to detect open ports and accessible network services. Others are more malicious, such as key loggers that capture and record every keystroke on a keyboard. There is even a type of malware called ransomware, which encrypts files and renders them useless until the victim pays a fee to regain access.
For many professionals, the prospect of a career in cybersecurity is appealing because it offers the ability to work remotely. This has become especially important in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and a growing number of organizations are offering flexible work arrangements to support their staffs. SOC